The ESI Board decides on all overarching scientific questions. It consists of eight members appointed by the Max Planck Society (two members of which one is the chairman) and the benefactors Drs. Andreas and Thomas Strüngmann (four members). One member is jointly appointed by the Max Planck Society and the benefactors. The Managing Director of ESI is also a member of the Board. Members are appointed for five years.

Chair:
Prof. Martin Stratmann (President of the Max Planck Society) or
Prof. Bill Hansson (Vice-president of the Max Planck Society)

Appointed by the Max Planck Society:
Prof. Wolf Singer (Director emeritus, Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, Frankfurt am Main)

Appointed by the benefactors:
Dr. Andreas Strüngmann (Benefactor)
Prof. Herbert Jäckle (Director, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen)

Prof. Richard Murphy (Former CEO of the Salk Institute, San Diego, USA)

Prof. Rudolf Steinberg (Former President of the Goethe University Frankfurt am Main)

Joint appointment by the Max Planck Society and the benefactors:
Prof. Erwin Neher (Director, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry, Göttingen)

Prof. Pascal Fries (Director of the ESI)